Arabic is the official language of over 20 countries with more than 300 million native speakers. With Semitic roots, Arabic boast rich vocabulary and literature. The most common dialect is Eastern Arabic which these lessons will be centered around.
Standard Cantonese originated from Canton located in southern China and is spoken by about 70 million people worldwide. Cantonese differs from Mandarin in pronunciation and grammatical differences; however, the two share a lot of vocabulary. In China Cantonese is spoken mainly in the Guangdong and Guangxi provinces, Hong Kong, and Macau while it is spoken in most of the Chinese communities in North America, Europe, and Australia.
Mandarin, also known as Standard Chinese, is the most spoken language in the world. And yet, it is a major language of only four countries: Mainland China, Taiwan, Singapore, and Malaysia. It is also one of five official languages of the United Nations.
English, the most widely used language around the world, is a West Germanic language and is the first language of the United Kingdom, the United States, Australia, Canada, Ireland, and several Caribbean islands.
French is a Romantic language that is a layman’s descendent of Latin. It is an official language in 29 countries and is also known for it’s French-based creole spin off languages. It is an official language of all United Nations agencies and a large number of international organizations.
With around 100 million speakers, German is the official language of Germany and Austria and is one of the official languages of Belgium, Switzerland, Luxembourg, and Lichtenstein. Classified as a West Germanic language, German is related to English and Dutch.
Hebrew is the official language of the State of Israel. It is a Semitic language spoken by the Jewish people and one of the world’s oldest living languages, dating back to the second millennium B.C. There is evidence that suggests Hebrew was likely a commonly spoken language until the fall of Jerusalem in 587 B.C.
Hindi is the native language of Haryana, Western Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Bihar, parts of eastern Rajasthan and northeastern Madhya Pradesh. One of the official languages of the Republic of India, Hindi is understood by other language speakers in India due to its origin in the Prakrit languages.
Italian is a Romance language spoken mainly in Europe, but has 85 million speakers worldwide. Italian is directly descended from Latin and, unlike most other Romance languages, Italian retains Latin’s contrast between short and long consonants. In particular, among the Romance languages, Italian is the closest to Latin in terms of vocabulary.
Japanese is the native language of Japan with speakers located in Korea, Taiwan, the Ryukyu Islands, and parts of the U.S. and Brazil and is spoken by 125 million people. The two main writing systems are Kanji and Kana.
Korean is spoken not only by citizens of the Korean peninsula and members of the Korean diaspora, but recently also by a growing number of non-Koreans for various purposes. It is the eleventh most popular language on the globe. In 1446, King Sejong invented the writing system and standardization of the languages.
Portuguese is the official language of Portugal, Brazil, Mozambique, Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, and São Tomé and Príncipe. One of the Romance languages, Portuguese has around 215 million native speakers and is the seventh most spoken language in the world.
Punjabi language, Punjabi also spelled Panjabi, member of the Indo-Aryan subdivision of the Indo-European language family. Punjabi developed from the ancient language of Sanskrit just like many other modern northern Indian Languages like Hindi. The Punjabi language is spoken by more than 100 million people in Punjab, a territory that was divided between India and Pakistan during partition.
The official language of Russia, Russian is spoken in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, and Ukraine. Russian has about 150 million native speakers and is the 5th most spoken language in the world.
Spanish is a Romance language derived from Latin with approximately 417 million speakers with approximately 350 million native speakers. Another name for Spanish is castellano (Castilian) and is widely used for the language in Latin America. Many Spanish speakers consider castellano a generic term with no political or ideological links, much as “Spanish” in English. Spanish is spoken in Spain and 22 other countries in the Americas and Caribbean.
Tagalog is the most widely spoken language of the Philippines and has 28 million native speakers. Tagalog and Filipino are basically identical languages, but the national language of the Philippines is said to officially be called Filipino.
Thai,or more precisely Siamese or Central Thai, is the official language of Thailand and is spoken by over 20 million people. Thai is a member of the Tai group of the Tai–Kadai language family. It is a tonal and analytic language that also has a complex orthography and relational markers. Thai is also mutually intelligible with Lao.
Due to previous French colonial rule, Vietnamese is influenced by the French language. The main dialects are southern, northern, and central. Around 80 million people speak Vietnamese worldwide.